Policy of Screening For Plagiarism

The Journal of Applied Nursing and Health (JANH) applies a screening policy to every incoming manuscript. JANH checks for plagiarism on manuscripts using a credible plagiarism detector, Turnitin. JANH will immediately reject papers that contain plagiarism that exceeds the specified limit or self-plagiarism occurs. Plagiarism is not acceptable in JANH submissions. All the submitted manuscripts are checked for plagiarism before starting the review process.

Manuscripts before being sent to reviewers, manuscripts will first be checked or checked for plagiarism by the editorial team. Manuscripts that are declared to have passed must have at least a similarity level of less than 20%.

Should we find more than 20% of the similarity index, the article will be returned to the author for correction and resubmission. Manuscripts that have a low level of similarity mean the quality of the writing is good and can be continued to be given to reviewers.

Plagiarism is the copying and disclosure of other people's thoughts or words or other people's articles or themselves, which makes it appear as if they are the result of one's wealth without permission or acknowledgement, or by not citing the source correctly or not being able to search. Plagiarism can take various forms of taking other people's work, from copying literature or paraphrasing other people's work.

When plagiarism is identified, the Editor in Chief is responsible for the review of this paper and will agree on measures according to the extent of plagiarism detected in the paper in agreement with the following guidelines:

Level of Plagiarism

  • Minor: A short section of another article is plagiarized without any significant data or ideas taken from the other paper. Action: A warning is given to the authors and a request to change the text and properly cite the original article is made
  • Intermediate: A significant portion of a paper is plagiarized without proper citation to the original paper. Action: The submitted article is rejected and the authors are forbidden to submit further articles for one year
  • Severe: A significant portion of a paper is plagiarized that involves reproducing original results or ideas presented in another publication. Action: The paper is rejected and the authors are forbidden to submit further articles for five years.

Things to note:

  • It is understood that all authors are responsible for the content of their submitted paper as they all read and understand JANH's Copyright and Licensing Terms. If a penalty is imposed for plagiarism, all authors will be subject to the same penalty.
  • If the second case of plagiarism by the same author(s) is identified, a decision on the measures to be enforced will be made by the Editorial board (Editor-in-Chief, and Editorial members) with the Chair of the Editor in Chief. The author(s) might be forbidden to submit further articles forever.
  • This policy applies also to material reproduced from another publication by the same author(s). If an author uses text or figures that have previously been published, the corresponding paragraphs or figures should be identified and the previous publication referenced. It is understood that in the case of a review paper or a paper of tutorial nature, much of the material was previously published.
  • The author should identify the source of the previously published material and obtain permission from the original author and the publisher. If an author submits a manuscript to JANH with significant overlap with a manuscript submitted to another journal simultaneously, and this overlap is discovered during the review process or after the publications of both papers, the editor of the other journal is notified and the case is treated as a severe plagiarism case. Significant overlap means the use of identical or almost identical figures and identical or slightly modified text for one-half or more of the paper. For self-plagiarism of less than one-half of the paper but more than one-tenth of the paper, the case shall be treated as intermediate plagiarism. If self-plagiarism is confined to the methods section, the case shall be considered minor plagiarism.
  • If an author uses some of his previously published material to clarify the presentation of new results, the previously published material shall be identified and the difference to the present publication shall be mentioned. Permission to republish must be obtained from the copyright holder. In the case of a manuscript that was originally published in conference proceedings and then is submitted for publication in JANH either in identical or in expanded form, the authors must identify the name of the conference proceedings and the date of the publication and obtain permission to republish from the copyright holder. The editor may decide not to accept this paper for publication.
  • However, an author shall be permitted to use material from an unpublished presentation, including visual displays, in a subsequent journal publication. In the case of a publication being submitted, that was originally published in another language, the title, date, and journal of the original publication must be identified by the authors, and the copyright must be obtained. The editor may accept such a translated publication to bring it to the attention of a wider audience. The editor may select a specific paper that had been published (e.g. a “historic” paper) for republication in order to provide a better perspective of a series of papers published in one issue of JNP. This republication shall be clearly identified as such and the date and journal of the original publication shall be given, and the permission of the author(s) and the publisher shall be obtained.
  • The JANH layout editor for the Journal is responsible for maintaining the list of authors subjected to penalties and will check that no authors of a submitted paper are on this list. If a banned author is identified, the layout editor will inform the Editor-in-Chief who will take appropriate measures. This policy will be posted on the website with the instructions for submitting a manuscript, and a copy will be sent to the authors with the confirmation email upon initial receipt of their original manuscript.

Therefore, to properly assess whether an author has carried out plagiarism activities, JANH explains this:

  • Literal copying. The author copies the work of another author verbatim, in whole or in part, without permission and without citing or citing the source. This condition can be identified by comparing the original manuscript with manuscripts suspected of plagiarism.
  • Substantial copying. The author reproduces a large part of another author's work, without permission and without acknowledging or citing the source.
  • Paraphrasing. Writers take ideas, words, or phrases from sources and process them into new sentences in their writing. This practice becomes unethical when the author does not quote correctly or does not acknowledge the original work/author. This form of plagiarism is a form that is more difficult to identify in the form of publications.