The Range of Motion (ROM) in Increasing Muscle Strength in Stroke Patients : Literature Review


  • Yurike Septianingrum 1 Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Nahdlatul Ulama University Surabaya, East Java, Indonesia
  • Moh Subairi Klampis Public Health Center, Bangkalan Regency, Madura, East Java, Indonesia



Range of Motion, Muscle Strength, Stroke


Background: Proper care is essential for the prevention of mental and physical impairment in patients with Sroke illness. There is a golden time of less than six hours during which people can recuperate fully after a stroke. Disability and physical weakening, including a loss of muscle strength, may occur if treatment is not maximized within that time frame. The purpose of the literature review is to determine the importance of Range of Motion (ROM) in Increasing Muscle Strength in Stroke Patients.

Methods: Use PRISMA Approach. The research stage is to make selections by paying attention to the quality of the journal. Furthermore, articles from journals that are considered less relevant are excluded. Literature obtained from 7 articles relevant to Google Scholar, Indonesia One Search, DOAJ, and Garuda with the keywords Range of Motion, Muscle Strength, Stroke.

Results: After a review of selected articles, the results given Range of Motion have a good impact on increasing muscle strength in stroke patients.

Conclusion: The Range of Motion (ROM) can be applied in health program for in Increasing Muscle Strength in Stroke Patients


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Agusrianto, A., & Rantesigi, N. (2020). Application of Passive Range of Motion (ROM) Exercises to Increase the Strength of the Limb Muscles in Patients with Stroke Cases. Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan (JIKA), 2(2), 61–66.

Anggraini, Zulkarnain, Sulaimani, & Gunawan, R. (2018). Effect of Rom (Range of Motion) on The Strength of Muscle Extremity in Non-Hemoragic Stroke Patients. Jurnal Riset Hesti Medan, 3(2).

Hapsari, S., Sonhaji, S., & Nurulia, N. (2020). Effectiveness of Range of Motion (ROM) Fingers and Spherical grip to Extremity Strength in Non Hemorrhagic Stroke Patients. STRADA Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan, 9(2), 1650–1656.

Silalahi, H., Fatimah, S., Nurjanah, L. T., & Suwandi, W. Y. (2023). The Effect of Range of Motion (ROM) Application on Muscle Strength in Elderly Stroke Sufferers at the Tresna Werdha Asisi Social Institute Sukabumi City the Year 2022. International Journal of Scientific Multidisciplinary Research, 1(3), 195–206.

Lin, W. Y., Chen, C. H., Tseng, Y. J., Tsai, Y. T., Chang, C. Y., Wang, H. Y., & Chen, C. K. (2018). Predicting post-stroke activities of daily living through a machine learning-based approach on initiating rehabilitation. International Journal of Medical Informatics, 111, 159–164.

Mahyuvi, T., & Nursalam, N. (2020). The Effect of Social Cognitive Theory-Based Psychoeducation Towards Depression and Blood Pressure of Ischemic Stroke Patients. Journal for Quality in Public Health, 4(1), 202–207.

Rhestifujiayani, E., & Huriani, E. (2015). Comparison of Muscle Strength in Stroke Patients between The Given and Not Given Range of Motion Exercise. Nurse Media Journal of Nursing, 5(2), 88–100.

Sabira Astrid, H., Budi Pertami, S., & Budiono. (2017). Changes in the Strength of the Muscle of Extremity Through ROM (Range Of Motion) Exercise in Stroke Patients in the Working Area of Karangploso Health Center of Malang District. Terapuetik Jurnal.

Setyowati, L., Elma, Mashfufa, E. W., Marta, O. F. D., & Aini, N. (2023). The Effect of Nursing Range of Motion on the Motor Function of Patients with Impaired Physical Mobility. Formosa Journal of Science and Technology, 2(2), 645–654.

Susanti, S., & BIstara, D. N. (2019). Pengaruh Range of Motion (ROM) terhadap Kekuatan Otot pada Pasien Stroke. Jurnal Kesehatan Vokasional, 4(2), 112.

Sustika, A. M., Maisyaroh, A., Widianto, E. P., & Azizah, L. N. (2020). Effectiveness of Range Of Motion to Increase Joint Motion Range in Stroke Patients. The 4th International Agronursing Conference.

Syafni, A. N. (2020). Post Stroke Patient Medical Rehabilitation. Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan Sandi Husada, 9(2), 873–877.

Syikir, M., Rusman, Andi, & Ratnawati. (2020). Effect of Range Of Motion (ROM) on Increasing Muscle Strength in Stroke Patients in the Care of Polewali Mandar Hospital. Bina Generasi : Jurnal Kesehatan.

Widya Ningrum, M., & Nurfianti, A. (2019). Effect Of Determination Of Discharge Planning ROM And Ambulation To The Preparation Of Family Subject Post-Stroke Patients. Tanjungpura Journal of Nursing Practice and Education.




How to Cite

Septianingrum, Y. ., & Subairi, M. (2024). The Range of Motion (ROM) in Increasing Muscle Strength in Stroke Patients : Literature Review. Journal of Applied Nursing and Health, 6(1), 65–70.