Publication Ethics Policy

The Journal of Applied Nursing and Health (JANH) follows the standard guidelines set by The Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), to deal with all possible aspects of publication ethics and in particular to deal with cases of research and publication violations.

Journal of Applied Nursing and Health (JANH) is a peer-reviewed international journal. This statement explains the ethical behavior of all parties involved in the act of publishing articles in the journal JANH. The following will explain what is meant by research violations, and outline the roles and duties of authors, editor-in-chief, editorial board, peer reviewers, and publishers (Chakra Brahmanda Institute). This statement is based on the COPE Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors.

Journal of Applied Nursing and Health (JANH) As a globally active open-access journal, we strive to promote the best practice in the academic arena and maintain integrity in all of our publishing activities. We follow the Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly work in Medical Journals issued by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) and the Cope of Conduct and Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors issued by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

All of our publishing activities are guided by the following core ethical values:

Authorship and contributorship: All authors and co-authors must meet the criteria for authorship and ensure appropriate credit is given to their manuscripts. Authors are encouraged to make a clear statement about contributions to their work.

Originality: Authors must guarantee the submitted manuscript was originally written by them. The work must not have been published previously nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere. If the work and/or words of others are included, they must be appropriately cited or quoted.
Data access and citation: Authors may be requested to provide the raw data relevant to the paper for editorial review. They should also be prepared to provide public access to such data. Data must be cited in the same way as article, book, and web citations and authors are required to include data citations as part of their reference list.
Acknowledgement of sources: The authors should properly acknowledge any work in the manuscript that has been contributed by others.
Declaration and conflicts of interest: All submissions must include disclosure of all relationships that could be viewed as presenting a potential conflict of interest.
Reporting standards: Authors of original research papers should present an accurate account of the work performed as well as an objective discussion of its significance.
Human and Animal Rights: For research that includes experiments involving humans, a statement of compliance is required to show that procedures were followed in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional and national). For research that reports on experiments involving animals, authors are asked to indicate whether the institutional and/or national guidelines for the care and use of laboratory animals was followed.
Research ethics: The research we publish must have received a statement of approval from the Institutional Review Board (IRB) and, where applicable, informed consent. Clinical trials must have been registered in clinical trial registries, in adherence with local and international standards.
Authors’ ethical statement: Authors are accountable for all aspects of their work (including full data access, data integrity, and the accuracy of the data analysis) in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.

Ethical Guidelines for Journal Publication

Journal of Applied Nursing and Health (JANH) in carrying out the publication of articles implements building blocks in the development of a coherent and respectful knowledge network. This is a direct effort of the quality of the author's work and the institutions that support the author. Peer-reviewed articles support and embody the right scientific method. Therefore, it is very important to agree on standards of ethical behavior that are expected of all parties involved in the act of publishing: authors, journal editors, peer reviewers, publishers, and the public. Chakra Brahmanda Lantern Institute as a journal publisher will carry out the task of maintaining all stages of publishing and is aware of ethical and other responsibilities. We are committed to ensuring that advertising, reprinting, or other commercial revenue has no impact or influence on editorial decisions.

Research Misconduct

Research errors such as falsification, citation manipulation, or plagiarism, in writing research reports. When authors are found to be involved in research violations or other serious writing irregularities involving articles that have already been published in scientific journals, editors have a responsibility to ensure the accuracy and integrity of the scientific record. In cases of suspected infringement, editors and the Editorial Board will use COPE best practices to assist authors to resolve complaints and deal fairly with violations. This will include an investigation by the editor. Submissions found to contain these errors will be rejected. If there is a case where the published paper is found to contain such errors, it will be revoked and will be linked to the original article.

  • Step one: Carry out clarification and determine the validity of the allegations and assess whether the allegations are consistent with the definition of research misconduct. It also involves determining whether the individual who alleged the infringement has a relevant conflict of interest regarding the writing and the author or something else.
  • Second step: If there is a scientific error or there is a deviation from other substantial research, the allegation is informed to the author and other authors and asked to provide a clear and detailed response.
  • After the author's confirmation is accepted and evaluated, it is followed by further review such as additional information about the involvement of other experts. For cases where there is no possibility of violations, clarifications, additional analysis, or both, it is sufficient to make a notification of corrections and corrections to the published article.
  • Institutions are expected to take preventive measures such as proper and thorough investigations of suspected scientific violations. Thus, authors, journals, and institutions have the same obligation in preventing violations. With this procedure, it is hoped that the editorial can carry out the necessary actions based on the evaluation results such as revisions and corrections, revocation with replacement, and revocation of articles.

Duties of Editors or Section Editors

  • Publication Decisions. The JANH editor has the task of deciding which articles can be continued and sent to reviewers or for publication. Editors are assisted by other editorial teams in carrying out their duties such as possible article infringement, copyright infringement, and plagiarism. The editorial team consults with the Chief editor or other reviewers in making the decision.
  • Fair Play. Editors implement and evaluate articles to improve the quality of their intellectual content regardless of the author's race, gender, sexual orientation, religious beliefs, ethnic origin, nationality, or political philosophy.
  • Editors and editorial staff may not publish any information about the author, submitted manuscripts such as to reviewers, prospective reviewers, other editorial advisors, and publishers, to anyone other than the author concerned.
  • Reviews of Manuscripts. Every article submitted to JANH must be evaluated for authenticity by the editor through a plagiarism check. Editors must regulate and use peer review fairly and sensibly, explaining their peer-review process in the information provided to authors. The editor uses peer reviewers according to the focus and scope and considers the peer reviewer's area of expertise and avoids having a conflict of interest.
  • Disclosure and conflicts of interest. The editors ensure that there is no conflict of interest and submitted and unpublished articles may not be used in research or published or for the benefit of the editors themselves without the written consent of the author.

Duties of Reviewers

  • Contribution to Editorial Decisions. Reviewers have the task of assisting editors in making editorial decisions and, through the editorial communication with authors, can also assist authors in improving the quality of articles to be published through revisions.
  • Promptness. The reviewers who have been selected by the editor carry out their duties properly if it is found that the reviewer cannot carry out their duties, they are obliged to report to the editor and the review process will be transferred to other reviewers following the standards, the terms of the reviewer are correct.
  • Confidentiality. The reviewer has a duty, namely for every manuscript that is received for review, it is a document that must be stored properly or is confidential. Reviewers are not allowed to provide information related to manuscripts received and discussed with others without the permission of the editor.
  • Standards of Objectivity. The review has a duty in reviewing manuscripts that must be done objectively. Reviewers are not allowed to give personal criticism. Reviewers must provide their information and views following the reviewer's scholarship and provide recommendations clearly with supporting arguments.
  • Acknowledgments of Sources. Reviewers must identify relevant manuscripts for publication. The reviewer identifies the citation used by the author. Any statements relating to observations, derivations, or arguments in the manuscript must be accompanied by relevant citations. Reviewers may request a review from the editor to avoid substantial similarities or overlaps between manuscripts.
  • Disclosure and Conflict of Interest. Reviewers must be free from conflicts of interest with the authors. Information or privileged ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for the personal benefit of the reviewer. Reviewers may not consider manuscripts that have conflicts of interest due to competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with the authors, companies, or institutions with which the papers are related.

Duties of Authors

  • Reporting standards. The author provides original and accurate manuscripts, and the manuscripts are submitted following the research results obtained. The data in the manuscript provided must be supported and must be original and accurate. Manuscripts must match the template in detail and contain sufficient references to allow others to cite the work. Incorrect or intentionally inaccurate data and manuscript content constitutes unethical behavior and is unacceptable for journal publication.
  • Data Access, Retention, and Reproducibility. Authors are required to provide raw data concerning the manuscript for editorial review and must be prepared to provide public access to such data. The author must keep the original research data if at any time needed or requested by the editorial. The author has responsibility for the reproducibility of the data.
  • Originality and Plagiarism. Authors must ensure that their writing in the manuscript is original and is their work. Authors must agree to have their manuscript checked for plagiarism with less than 20% similarity to be accepted for publication. If the author's manuscript uses the work and/or words of another person, then the author must be written in an appropriate systematic citation or citation.
  • Multiple, Redundant, or Concurrent Publications. Multiple, Redundant, or Concurrent Publications. Authors are not permitted to publish the same manuscript in different journals. Authors submitting the same manuscript to different journals is unethical behavior in publication and may not be accepted in JANH journals.
  • Acknowledgments of Sources. The author must clearly state the references used with the reference manager. If the author uses another person's work, that person must comply with the permission given. Authors must follow the procedures for citing publications or reports used in manuscripts submitted to JANH.
  • Authorship and Contributor ship of the Article. Authors are those who contributed to the manuscript. The author's contribution may be the research team, the conception, design, implementation, or interpretation of the reported study. Everyone who has made a significant contribution must be listed as a member of the authors. Someone who has participated in certain substantive aspects of the research project in the manuscript can be recognized or registered as a research contributor. Corresponding authors must ensure that all appropriate authors and no inappropriate authors are listed in the paper and that all authors have seen and approved the final version of the manuscript that will be submitted for publication.
  • Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest. Authors must inform or disclose in their manuscripts any financial, grant, or other substantive conflicts of interest that may be construed to influence the results or interpretation of the study. All sources of financial support for the project must be disclosed and made known. All authors should clarify anything that could cause a conflict of interest, such as employment, research fees, consultant fees, and intellectual property. If the author finds significant errors or inaccuracies in the published manuscript, the author must immediately notify the journal editor or publisher and cooperate with the editor to retract or correct the published manuscript.

Copy Editor

  • The Copy Editor is responsible for the validity of grammar, writing style, bibliography, references, and conformity with the Applied Nursing and Health (JANH) Journal template.

Layout Editor

  • The Layout Editor is responsible for managing the appearance of journal articles to be published, relating to setting the layout and image format and converting article formats.

Complaints and Appeals

Journal Applied Nursing and Health (JANH) has clear procedures for handling complaints against journals, editorial staff, editorial boards, or publishers. Complaints will be discussed using negotiation techniques and clarified to those concerned by observing all existing aspects. The scope of the complaint includes everything related to the journal publication process, editorial process, manipulation of found citations, appropriate editors/reviewers, peer-review manipulation, etc. Complaint cases will be processed according to COPE guidelines. Case complaints should be sent by email to

Intellectual Property (Copyright Policy)

The journal's policy regarding intellectual property or copyright is following  Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY-SA.

Post-Publication Discussions and Corrections

The Journal of Applied Nursing and Health (JANH) accepts discussion and correction of articles published by readers. Readers may contact the Chief Editor by email for discussion and corrections. If accepted (by the editor-in-chief), discussions and corrections will be published in the next edition as a Letter to the Editor. The respective authors can respond to discussions and corrections from readers by sending their replies to the editor-in-chief. Therefore, the editor may publish an answer such as a Letter Reply to the Editor.

Ethical Oversight

If the researcher conducts research involving chemicals, humans, animals, or procedures or equipment that have unusual hazards inherent in their use, the authors must identify, describe and provide appropriate explanations in the manuscript to comply with the ethical conduct of the research. Authors must include the Ethical Clearance Letter Number and the relevant Ethical Clearance issuing agency.