Autors Guidelines (2022)


Announcement: Starting Issue of JANH Volume 4 No. 2 using the updated Journal Template (Download) Because: Following the development of informative template information and also meeting good journal standards and according to journal publication ethics, it is necessary to add: 1) Information on the Abstract, 2) Adding the "Authors Contributions' Section, 3) Added "Conflicts of Interest" Section, and 4) Added "Acknowledgment" Section. 

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Manuscripts submitted to the Chief Editor of the Journal of Applied Nursing and Health (JANH) were submitted online. Authors can register first before submitting the manuscript. If you have further questions, please contact the admin at the telephone number (Whatsapp) +62 857-3387-8003, or email

General Principles

All submitted articles are original and original manuscripts and have never been published in any journal.

  • As a primary condition, all articles submitted to JANH must be original works that have never been published before and submitted exclusively to JANH.
  • Articles must follow “Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals”,
  • The Editorial Board has the right to edit all articles in terms of style, format, and clarity of meaning in the manuscript following the standards and rules enforced in JANH.
  • Authors will be asked to revise the manuscript according to the reviewer's recommendations. Manuscripts with excessive errors can be returned with major revisions or the manuscript is rejected for publication. All manuscripts will go through peer review and editorial.
  • Journal templates with certain research designs can be adjusted according to the guidelines from the Equator Network 

Authors must also enclose the author firm consist:

  • title page,
  • JANH conflict of interest statement form,
  • a copy of ethical approval (when needed), and
  • the final checklist signed by all authors.
  • The forms must be submitted in the supplementary file section. Templates are available for original articles, case reports, and Scoping/systematic reviews/Meta-Analysis

Structure and Language

  • Articles will be published in English. Linguistically inadequate articles may be rejected.
  • Authors must also ensure that articles are formatted as follows.
  • The article should be around 3500–7000 words on A4-sized paper (210 mm x 297 mm). The required margins are 3.5 cm (top), 2.5 cm (bottom), and 2 cm (left and right). Use the journal template that has been provided
  • The text must be written in one column. Articles must be submitted in the following structural order: title page and authorship details, abstract, keywords, text, conflicts of interest, acknowledgments (if any), references, tables, figures, and legends (if any).

Article Title

  • Capitalize Each Word, 14 point Font, Boldface, Align left, consists of 10 – 16 words, Font Cambria 14; Use a concise and informative title in sentence case short, clear and reflect the research results)


  • Full names of authors (without academic titles);
  • Author’s affiliation [name(s) of department(s) and institution(s)];
  • Disclaimers (if any);
  • Corresponding author’s name, mailing address, telephone, and email address (the email address of the corresponding author will be published along with the article);
  • Short running title [maximum 40 characters (letter and spaces)];
  • Word count [a word count for the text-only (including abstract, acknowledgments, tables, figure legends, and references)].


  • The abstract should be written in the English Language with total words around 100–250 words.
  • Background: one or two sentences of background, the purpose of the study
  • Methods: written in order: Research design, population, sampling technique, sampling size, inclusion criteria, exclusion criteria, measured variables (dependent variable, dependent variable), research instrument, basic procedure, explanation of ethical clearance, statistical test
  • Result: Frequency distribution of general data and special data, analysis of statistical test data according to research objectives (OR, CI, RR, p-value, effect size, etc.)
  • Conclusion: Contains research conclusions (not reading statistical results) and recommendations for research results
  • Keywords are limited to 3–6 words or short phrases that will allow proper and convenient indexing.


  • in the background consist of at least 4 paragraphs
  • Each paragraph contains an introduction, justification, chronology, and solution
  • Each Paragraph There are at least 3-5 sentences for each paragraph, at the beginning or end of the paragraph containing a conclusion (inductive or deductive)
  • The introduction essentially contains a description of the problem or reason for research or a logical statement that leads to the main hypothesis or theme.
  • The manuscript is written with Cambria Font, Font size 12pt, single-spaced, left and right justified, the manuscript including the graphic contents and tables should be around 3500–4500 words (exclude references).
  • If it far exceeds the prescribed length, it is recommended to break it into two separate manuscripts. Standard English grammar must be observed. The title of the article should be brief and informative and it should not exceed 16 words. The keywords are written after the abstract.
  • General background of research (tips: keep a maximum of one paragraph);
  • State-of-the-art or a brief study of other similar (previously) research literature to justify novelty research in this article (tips: one to two paragraphs);
  • The reference libraries in the previous state-of-the-art research section must be current, relevant, and original (primary literature) of the literature review not too extensive;
  • Gap analysis or novelty gap based on state of the art (the gap statement should contain two elements, that is, from the important aspect of the research and what the uniqueness or novelty of the research is compared to previous research);
  • Hypotheses (if any) are not always expressed and need not be in the form of a sentence.
  • Writing in the introduction by using Arial letters with font 12, space 1 and left-right, and indent of 0 taps. Citation writing and bibliography must use a reference manager like Mendeley and others with APA style. Margin set with Top 3cm, left 4cm, Bottom 3cm, Right 3cm, and Gutter 0.)


  • Make it in 1-3 paragraph
  • Written in the following order: Research design, research location, research date, population, sampling technique, sample size, sampling method, inclusion criteria, exclusion criteria, measurable variables (dependent variable, dependent variable), data collection procedures, research instruments, tools used, standard research or intervention procedures, basic procedures, explanation of ethical license, place of ethical test, date of the ethical test, statistical test
  • All statistical methods used should be described in detail in the Methods section of the manuscript. Avoid relying solely on statistical hypothesis testing, such as P values, which fail to convey important information about effect size.
  • Define statistical terms, abbreviations, and most symbols.
  • Specify the computer software used.


  • Tables should be separated from the main text.
  • Tables should be numbered in Arabic numerals and captions should be brief, clearly indicating the purpose or content of each table.
  • Title table and Tables should be presented in Cambria Font, Font size 11 pt, single-spaced, left and right justified.
  • Do not use internal horizontal or vertical lines.
  • Identify statistical measures of variation, such as standard deviation and standard error of the mean. Be sure that each table is cited in the text.
  • If you use data from another published or unpublished source, obtain permission and acknowledge that source fully.
  • Figures should be either professionally drawn or photographed and submitted in a JPEG or TIFF format in the following resolutions: gray-scale or color in RGB (red, green, blue mode), at least 300 dpi (dots per inch).
  • For x-ray films, scans, and other diagnostic images, as well as pictures of pathology specimens or photomicrographs, send sharp, glossy, black-and-white, or color photographic prints, usually 127 x 173 mm (5 x 7 inches).
  • Photographs of potentially identifiable people must be accompanied by written permission to use the photograph.
  • Figures should be numbered consecutively according to the order in which they have been cited in the text.
  • If a figure has been published previously, acknowledge the source and submit written permission from the copyright holder to reproduce the figure.
  • Permission is required irrespective of authorship or publisher except for documents in the public domain.
  • Color figures are allowed in special circumstances, provided that the author is willing to cover the cost of reproduction.
  • If the original size of the figures is too large, authors can provide JANH with lower-quality figures after the acceptance of the manuscript.
  • For Measurements Unit use SI (System International) units.
  • Measurements should be abbreviated (e.g. mm, kcal, etc.) following the Style Manual for Biological Sciences and the metric system should be used.
  • Measurements of length, height, weight, and volume should be reported in appropriate scientific units.
  • For the qualitative study, the findings commonly are written in the form of participants' quotes. The table format is rarely used except to describe the characteristics of the participants or recapitulate the themes or categories. If the quote is not more than 40 words, then use quotation marks (") at the beginning and at the end of a sentence and include participants/ informants who give statements without the need to create separate paragraphs. Ellipsis (...) is only used to change a word that is not shown, instead of a stop sign/pause. See the following example.
  • Due to the ongoing process, the women experience moderate to severe pain in the knees, ankles, legs, back, shoulders, elbows, and/or fingers, and they are struggling to eliminate the pain. To alleviate pain, they look for the cause of the pain. One participant stated that "... I decided to visit a doctor to determine the cause of the pain. Now I'm taking medication from the doctor in an attempt to reduce this pain" (participant 3)
  • Here is an excerpt example of using block quotations if the sentences are 40 or more. Use indentation 0.3"
  • As discussed earlier, once the participants had recovered from the shock of the diagnosis of the disease, all participants decided to fight for their life. For most of them, the motivation for life is a function of their love for their children; namely child welfare, which is characteristic of the pressure in their world. Here is an example of an expression from one of the participants:

I tried to suicide, but when I think of my children, I cannot do that [crying]. I thought, if I die, no one will take care of my children. Therefore, I decided to fight for my life and my future. They (children) were the hope of my life (participant 2).


  • The discussion contains the results of the study (not repeating the conclusions on the results of the study) and is compared with the updated theoretical concepts.
  • In each discussion context, the researcher provides an opinion regarding the results and comparisons with the existing theoretical concepts.
  • Novelty and discoveries in research are described in the discussion.
  • Describe the discussion by comparing the data obtained at this time with the data obtained in the previous study. No more statistical or other mathematical symbols in the discussion. The discussion is directed at an answer to the research hypothesis. Emphasis was placed on similarities, differences, or the uniqueness of the findings obtained. It needs to discuss the reason for the findings. The implications of the results are written to clarify the impact of the results and the advancement of science is studied. The discussion ended with the various limitations of the study.
  • The discussion does not contain repetitions of data that are not directly related to unnecessary or unused references and research objectives and unnecessary words.
  • In other words, the data presented in the results are data that has been processed in such a way, not the raw observation data. Be sure to check the following in the discussion: Reflected by the author's intellect? logistic author argumentation? how does the author relate to the opinion or other research results? how to relate the results obtained and the basic concepts and or hypotheses? Are there any implications for both theoretical and implementation results? useful authors' interpretation?, Are there limitations of the findings? is there excessive speculation?)


  • Conclusions are made short with no numbering; conclusions simply answer the objectives or hypotheses of the study. Conclusions are written critically, meticulously, logically, and honestly on the basis of the facts obtained. There should be no more discussion in conclusions and consist of only one paragraph. If there is any suggestion in the conclusion, then the suggestion becomes one with the conclusion (no need to create a new sub-chapter) by simply creating a new paragraph after the conclusion paragraph. Suggestions should be in accordance with the research implications and not ridiculous.)

Authors Contributions

  • Contribution of each researcher in carrying out the publication
  • Duties and roles of the author in the publication process

Conflicts of Interest

  • In this section, the authors should declare any conflicts of interest, sources of support for the work, and whether the authors had access to the study data.
  • Each author should submit a separate “Autor’s statement and Copyright Transfer Agreement (ASCTA) form”, given above, attached as a supplementary file during submission.)


  • Personal acknowledgments should be limited to appropriate professionals who contributed to the paper, including providing technical help and financial or material support, and to department chairpersons who provided general support
  • Acknowledgment is given to the funding sources of study (donor agency, the contract number, the year of acceptance) and those who support that funding. The names of those who support or assist the study are written clearly. Names that have been mentioned as the authors of the manuscripts are not allowed here).
  • Acknowledgments to the parties or partners who contributed to the research
  • Acknowledgments if publication is part of a Research Grant


  • Authors are recommended to use reference management software, (Mendeley, EndNote, Mendeley, Zotero, etc) in writing citations and references.
  • Articles that have a minimum of references from journals are 80%.
  • References are advised with a minimum of 20 in number but should not fall below 10, and should, in general, be limited to the last decade.
  • Use the style of the examples below, which are based on APA 7th Edition(American Psychological Association).
  • In the reference, include the DOI or URL of the cited article
  • Avoid using abstracts as references.
  • Information from manuscripts submitted but not yet accepted should be cited in the text as “unpublished observations” with written permission from the source. Papers accepted but not yet published may be included as references; designate the journal and add “Forthcoming”.
  • Avoid citing “personal communication” unless it provides essential information not available publicly; name the person and date of communication and obtain written permission and confirmation of accuracy from the source of personal communication.

Original Articles

Original Articles should be reported as original clinical studies or research not previously published or being considered for publication elsewhere. The text should not exceed 7000 words, including a list of authors and their affiliations, corresponding author, acknowledgments, and figure legends, with an abstract of a maximum of 250 words, a list of a minimum of 20 references primarily from international journals indexed by Google Scholar, Scopus, or Web of Science, and a maximum 10 figures/tables (see below for more details on the layout). The work described in your article must have been carried out in accordance with The Code of Ethics of the World Medical Association (Declaration of Helsinki) for experiments involving humans and EC Directive 86/609/EEC for the animal experiment (please write the ethical statements in the methods section and attach the ethical approval form in the supplementary file). 

Qualitative Research

Qualitative research is multimethod in focus, involving an interpretive, naturalistic approach to its subject matter. This means that qualitative researchers study subjects in their natural settings, attempting to make sense of, or interpret, phenomena in terms of the meanings people bring them. Qualitative research aims to understand the social reality of individuals, groups, and cultures as nearly as possible as its participants feel it or live it. Thus, people and groups, are studied in their natural setting.

Qualitative research is descriptive, phenomena, naturalistic, ethnographic culture, etc. Qualitative research consists of a theme, abstract, background, method, result, discussion, and conclusion. The minimum participant is nine and uses triangulation data. Qualitative research uses a variety of methods to develop a deep understanding of how people perceive their social realities and consequence, and how they act within the social world. For example, diary records, open-ended questionnaires, documents, participant observation, and ethnography. 

Case Study

A case study is a research method involving an up-close, in-depth, and comprehensive examination of a particular case. A case study may explore specific cases of a patient, can mean single and multiple case studies, can include quantitative or qualitative study, relies on multiple sources of evidence, and benefits from the prior development of theoretical propositions. A case study consists of abstract, introduction, cases, discussion, conclusion, and references.

Argumentative Essays

The argumentative essay is writing one that aims to investigate the topic, and gather, produce, and evaluate evidence concisely. Argumentative essays must pay attention to defining the topic, the limit of a topic, and analyzing the topic. The generic structure of the argumentative essay includes 1) Introduction which contains the topic and research statement. 2) The body paragraph consists of three body paragraphs namely the first point and supporting info, the second point and supporting info, and the third point and supporting info. Each body paragraph must begin with a topic sentence and the topic sentence must provide new support for your argument with a variety of evidence. 3) conclusions is the conclusion of all the explanations in the introduction and body sections. Use at least 3 references. The text does not exceed 1000 words consisting of an introduction, body paragraphs, and conclusions, with an abstract of 250 words.

Concept Analysis

Concept analysis is a strategy used for examining concepts for their semantic structure. Concept analysis is refining and clarifying concepts, in theory, practice, and research and arriving at precise theoretical and operational definitions for research or instrument development. The concept is relevant to the international nursing community and the concept can be placed within the context of existing nursing knowledge, such as a nursing conceptual model or theory. Besides, it is expected that the concept analysis would include the identification of conceptual or theoretical frameworks that were evident in the literature reviewed.

The author could follow Walker and Avant's approach, which consists of the following: (1) select a concept, (2) determine the purpose of the analysis, (3) identify all uses of the concept, (4) determine the defining attributes, (5) construct a model case, (6) identify antecedents, (7) identify consequences, and (8) define empirical referents. However, other methods are welcome. Identify the concept to be analyzed. The focus of the analysis initially should be on a relatively abstract concept, and then can be narrowed to a specific health condition. Situate the concept within the context of extant nursing knowledge. Discuss the international relevance of the concept. Include a recommendation for the use of one or more nursing conceptual or theoretical frameworks that could guide future research about the concept.

Literature Reviews

A literature review is a survey of everything that has been written about a particular topic, theory, or research question. This can provide a background for greater research, or can stand alone. A literature review that effectively analyzes and synthesizes information about the main theme or problem.

A literature review consists of an abstract, introduction, methods, results, and conclusions. The abstract presents a summary of the article explaining the background, the purpose of writing the literature review, the method of tracing the article, the results, limitations, and conclusions as well as the implications of the findings. The introduction must identify the topic, some discussion about the importance of that topic, and a research statement that outlines what conclusions will be drawn from the analysis and synthesis of the literature. The method describes data sources, journal eligibility criteria, and synthesis methods. A minimum of 15 articles is subject to a literature review. Results of the synthesis of articles from the literature review discuss and assess research according to certain organizational principles, rather than discussing each source separately. The conclusions section should provide a summary of findings from the literature review and explain the journal analysis that influences the conclusions drawn from the overall state of literature, their weaknesses, and strengths, and present suggestions for further research or explains how further research can close the gap in the existing body of work on the topic. The word limit is 6000 words, and the article is written concisely (excluding abstract and references).

Systematic Reviews

Systematic Reviews are exhaustive, critical assessments of evidence from different data sources in relation to a given subject in the area of health. A systematic search of the relevant data sources should be carried out and the items collected should be carefully evaluated for inclusion based on apriori defined inclusion/exclusion criteria. A description and an analytical graphic representation of the process should be provided. The specific features of the participants' or patients' populations of the studies included in the review should be described as well as the measures of exposure and the outcome with indication towards the corresponding data sources. A structured abstract is required (the same as for short reviews). The text must not exceed 6,000 words including the acknowledgments (not including abstract and references), with no more than five tables and/or figures, a minimum of 15 references and a maximum of 30 references.


Meta-analysis should follow the same guidelines for systematic review. They are expected to provide exhaustive information and statistical assessment of the pooled estimates of pre-defined outcomes, study heterogeneity and quality, possible publication bias, meta-regression, and subgroup analyses when and where appropriate. Depending on the type of study, the authors are invited to submit PRISMA flow diagrams or MOOSE checklists. Both systematic reviews and meta-analyses will be dealt with as original articles are, as far as the editorial process is concerned.


These include comments by organizations or individuals on topics of current interest by invitation only. The maximum word count should not exceed 1000 words. References should not exceed more than twelve. Editorials should normally not have tables and figures.

Letters to the Editor

These include responses to previous articles and editorials. The maximum word count should not exceed 1000 words, references should not exceed more than ten, with a maximum of three photographs. There are no subheadings within the letter. The Editors are also willing to consider letters of subjects of direct relevance to the Journal's interest. No abstract is required.

The reporting guidelines endorsed by the journal are listed below: